Jin Deng Long (Physalis Calyx seu Fructus)

What Is Jin Deng Long

Jin Deng Long commonly known as Physalis Calyx seu Fructus is the calyx and fruit of Physalis alkekengi, which is a perennial erect herb belonging to the family Solanaceae. It can be used as a food and dietary supplement with a medicinal history of more than 2,300 years.

Physalis alkekengi is commonly known as bladder cherry, Chinese lantern, Japanese lantern, strawberry groundcherry, or winter cherry and is a distant relative of Physalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry). It has strong adaptability and can grow normally in the temperature range of 3℃-42℃.

This species is native to Eurasia and has now been introduced into the Americas. It is widely cultivated in temperate regions of the world. It is a popular ornamental plant, and all parts of it can be made into medicine.

physalis alkekengi

In Unani medicine, it is used as a diuretic, preservative, and tranquilizer. Its roots contain hystonin, which can excite the smooth muscle of the uterus, contract the uterus, and may cause miscarriage. In Japan during the Edo period, its roots were used as abortion drugs.

In the autumn of each year, people pick calyxes and fruits of Physalis alkekengi, wash them with water, remove their impurities, use them directly, or dry them in the sun, and make them into Chinese herbal medicines.

Jin Deng Long contains alkaloids, citric acid, oxalic acid, vitamin C, physalein, palmitic acid, ferulic acid, chlorogenic acid, lutein, physoxanthin, α-carotene, β-carotene, auroxanthin, hystonin, sterols, and a variety of amino acids. Generally, the red or orange-red one is the best.

According to <Shennong Ben Cao Jing>, the medicinal property of Jin Deng Long is relatively cold, with a bitter taste. It has a certain therapeutic effect on the pathological changes of the lung meridian.

In traditional Chinese medicine, it is used to clear heat and remove toxins, resolve phlegm and relieve sore throat, induce diuresis, treat pemphigus, eczema, respiratory infections, acute bronchitis, pertussis, suppurative tonsillitis, herpetic pharyngitis, and acute tonsillitis.

Benefits

  • Anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, and analgesic effects.
  • Anti-oxidation, scavenging ABTS free radicals, protecting red blood cell membrane proteins, and delaying the natural aging of human red blood cells.
  • Inhibiting influenza virus, adenovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, and hepatitis B virus surface antigen.
  • Inhibiting the proliferation of melanoma A375 cells, melanoma A2058 cells, lung cancer A549 cells, H9c2 cardioblasts, Hela cancer cells, and human skin fibroblasts CCD-966SK.
  • Promoting humoral immune response and regulating immunity.
  • Reducing blood sugar and blood lipids, preventing type 2 diabetes.
  • Enhancing cardiac contraction, preventing cardiac fibrosis, and improving cardiac function.
  • Relieving the vasoconstriction induced by phenylephrine and KCl.
  • Exciting the smooth muscle of the uterus and contracting the uterus.
  • Removing heat toxins, relieving sore throat and hoarseness.
  • Resolving phlegm and relieving cough caused by phlegm-heat.
  • Inducing diuresis, treating scanty dark urine, and difficult and painful urination.
  • Inhibiting Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Shigella dysenteriae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Salmonella typhi.

Combinations

  • It can be used in combination with Shan Dou Gen (Radix Sophorae Tonkinensis), Jie Geng (Radix Platycodi), and Niu Bang Zi (Fructus Arctii) to alleviate sore throat and hoarseness.
  • It can be used in combination with Qian Hu (Radix Peucedani) and Gua Lou (Fructus Trichosanthis) to resolve phlegm and treat cough caused by phlegm-heat.
  • It can be used in combination with Che Qian Zi (Semen Plantaginis), Mu Tong (Caulis Akebiae), Bian Xu (Polygonum Aviculare), and Jin Qian Cao (Lysimachia) to treat scanty dark urine and difficult and painful urination.
  • It can be used in combination with Long Dan Cao (Radix Gentianae), Fu Ling (Poria), and Che Qian Cao (Plantago Asiatica) to treat urolithiasis.
  • It can be used in combination with She Gan (Rhizoma Belamcanda), Peng Qi Ju (Wedelia Chinensis), and Xuan Shen (Radix Scrophulariae) to treat acute tonsil enlargement.

Side Effects

At present, there is no literature report that Jin Deng Long has toxic effects, and no data is showing that taking it will cause serious adverse reactions.

Overdose of it may cause adverse reactions such as stomach cold, stomach pain, loss of appetite, fatigue, or loose stools.

Precautions and Warnings

  • The dosage of Jin Deng Long should be controlled at 5-9g.
  • It can be made into decoctions, injections, or mashed for external use.
  • People who are allergic to Jin Deng Long should not take it.
  • People with diarrhea caused by spleen deficiency should not take it.
  • Pregnant and breastfeeding women should not take it.
  • Children, the elderly, and the infirm should not take it.