Sang Ju Yin (Mulberry Leaf and Chrysanthemum Decoction)

What Is Sang Ju Yin

Sang Ju Yin commonly known as Mulberry Leaf and Chrysanthemum Decoction is a common and practical traditional Chinese medicine prescription. It first appeared in <Wen Bing Tiao Bian> (Treatise on differentiation and treatment of seasonal warm diseases) in 1,798 AD.

Sang means “mulberry leaf”, Ju means “chrysanthemum”, and Yin means “a drinkable decoction”. It is a traditional Chinese medicine prescription mainly composed of mulberry leaves and chrysanthemums.

In traditional Chinese medicine, it is often used to dispel wind and clear heat, disperse lung and stop cough, and treat colds, flu, cough, acute bronchitis, acute pharyngitis, acute laryngitis, herpetic angina, upper respiratory tract infections, suppurative tonsillitis, pediatric nephritis, pediatric chickenpox, pneumonia, acute conjunctivitis, keratitis, herpes zoster, and acute eczema.

With the advancement of medicine, Sang Ju Yin has been modified into pills and granules. Compared with decoctions, the dosages of pills and granules are more standard.

In the market, the common Sang Ju Yin include Sang Ju Wan, Sang Ju Gan Mao Pian and Sang Ju Gan Mao San.

Ingredients

Sang Ye and Ju Hua are the most critical in this prescription.

The medicinal property of Sang Ye is relatively cold. It can dispel wind and heat in the upper jiao, clear lung heat, and relieve coughs. The medicinal property of Ju Hua is slightly cold. It can dispel wind and heat in the lung meridian, clear the liver and improve vision. Their synergistic use can more effectively dispel wind-heat in the lung meridian.

The medicinal property of Bo He is relatively cool. It can dispel wind and heat, and promote sweating. It synergizes with Sang Ye and Ju Hua to help them relieve symptoms.

The medicinal property of Ku Xing Ren is slightly warm, with a bitter taste. It can disperse and descend lung qi, relieve coughs and asthma.

The medicinal property of Jie Geng is relatively neutral, with a bitter taste. It can disperse lungs and dispel phlegm. It can be used in combination with Ku Xing Ren to disperse and descend lung qi, relieve coughs and dispel phlegm.

The medicinal property of Lian Qiao is slightly cold. It can clear heart fire, dispel wind and heat in the upper jiao.

The medicinal property of Lu Gen is relatively cold. It can clear heat and purge fire, promote fluid production to quench thirst.

The medicinal property of Gan Cao is relatively neutral. It can reconcile the effects of other Chinese herbal medicines in this prescription and reduce the side effects of other Chinese herbal medicines.

Benefits

  • Anti-inflammation, inhibiting xylene-induced mouse ear swelling and egg white-induced mouse foot swelling.
  • Anti-oxidation, scavenging superoxide anion free radicals, inhibiting malondialdehyde production, and lipid peroxidation.
  • Inhibiting neostigmine-induced intestinal motility in mice.
  • Enhancing the phagocytic function of macrophages and improving non-specific immunity.
  • Reducing acute lung injury in mice induced by lipopolysaccharide or CCL4.
  • Promoting the secretion of sweat glands and relieving fever caused by wind-heat.
  • Promoting the production of body fluid, treating the fever with restlessness, and thirst caused by consumption of body fluids in febrile diseases.
  • Treating cough, fever, slight thirst, and tight pulse caused by febrile diseases.
  • Treating laryngeal cough, pregnancy cough, suppurative tonsillitis, acute pharyngitis, acute laryngitis, herpetic angina.
  • Treating colds, influenza, acute bronchitis, upper respiratory tract infections, pneumonia, acute conjunctivitis, keratitis.
  • Inhibiting beta-hemolytic streptococcus, streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and E. coli.

How to use it

When using Sang Ju Yin, follow the instructions for the medicine. Sang Ju Yin has traditional herbal decoctions, pills, and granules.

When using the ancient Chinese medicine method to make Sang Ju Yin, all the medicines are added and decocted together.
Because its ingredients contain volatile oil, it should not be boiled for a long time.

When decocting, the doctor needs 7.5g of Sang Ye, 3g of Ju Hua, 6g of Ku Xing Ren, 5g of Lian Qiao, 6g of Jie Geng, 2.5g of Gan Cao, and 6g of Lu Gen. Take decoction 2 times a day.

When taking its pills, you should take it with warm water. The dosage per administration is about 3-5g. Take it 2-3 times a day.

When taking its granules, it should be taken after stirring and dissolving in warm water. The dosage per administration is about 4.5g. Take it 2-3 times a day.

Generally, after taking the medicine for 1-2 days, the patient’s symptoms will be relieved. Patients should stop using it when their symptoms have resolved.

Side Effects

At present, no data have been found to show that there will be adverse reactions when it is taken in the prescribed dose.

Precautions and Warnings

  • During the medication, it is not recommended to drink, smoke, eat spicy or greasy food.
  • During the medication, it is not recommended to take nourishing Chinese medicine.
  • People with wind-cold should not take it.
  • People who are allergic to the ingredients in Sang Ju Yin should not take it.
  • People with loose stools due to spleen deficiency should take it under the guidance of a doctor.
  • Pregnant women and breastfeeding women should take it under the guidance of a doctor.
  • Children, the elderly, and the infirm should take it under the guidance of a doctor.
  • If you are taking other drugs at the same time, you should consult your doctor to prevent interactions between the drugs and affect the efficacy of the drugs.
  • After using it, if the symptoms are not relieved, you should go to the hospital in time.