What Is Si Gua Luo
Si Gua Luo commonly known as Retinervus Luffae Fructus is the fiber bundle of the ripe fruit of Luffa cylindrica, which is an annual dicotyledonous vine belonging to the family Cucurbitaceae. It is a relatively practical and common Chinese herbal medicine, which first appeared in <Compendium of Materia Medica> in 1,578 AD.
There are 9 species of Luffa, which are distributed in tropical and subtropical regions. Among them, the common species are Luffa cylindrica and Luffa acutangula.
Luffa cylindrica commonly known as Luffa aegyptiaca, Sponge Gourd, Egyptian cucumber, or Vietnamese luffa is a short-day plant. This plant originated in tropical Asia and is now widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. They are important vegetables and medicinal plants in many countries. The fiber bundles of their ripe fruits are used as kitchen and bathroom sponges.
In summer and autumn, people gather the yellow inner dried fruits of Luffa cylindrica, remove their outer skin and pulp, wash them with water, dry them in the sun, remove their seeds, cut them into segments, and make them into Chinese herbal medicines.
Si Gua Luo contains xylan, mannan, galactan, organic acids, cellulose, and proteins.
Generally, light yellowish-white Si Gua Luo with a lightweight, flexible, and cannot be broken is preferred.
According to <Compendium of Materia Medica>, the medicinal property of Si Gua Luo is relatively neutral, with a sweet taste. It has a certain therapeutic effect on the pathological changes of the lung, stomach, and liver meridians.
In traditional Chinese medicine, it is often used to expel wind and activate meridians, promote blood circulation and lactation, and treat rheumatic arthralgia, muscular spasms, limb paralysis, distending pain in the hypochondrium, chest discomfort, chloasma, herpes zoster, toothache, traumatic injury, chronic pharyngolaryngitis, asthma, bronchitis, menoxenia, menstrual breast pain with lumps, the proliferation of mammary gland, acute mastitis, postpartum rheumatism, postpartum gout, prolapse of uterus, synovitis, hemorrhoid, coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, and thyroid adenoma. It is an important component of Ru He Nei Xiao Granules and Hua Mo Yan Capsules.
- Anti-inflammation, inhibiting carrageenan-induced paw swelling in rats and sterile cotton ball-induced mouse granulation tissue growth.
- Increasing the pain threshold and inhibiting pain caused by thermal, electrical, and chemical stimulation in mice.
- Inhibiting the increase of body weight in hyperlipidemia rats and reducing the serum total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein levels.
- Inhibiting the activity of α-glucosidase and reducing the blood glucose level of rats induced by streptozotocin.
- Expelling wind and activating meridians, treating rheumatic arthralgia, muscular spasms, and limb paralysis.
- Promoting blood circulation, treating distending pain in hypochondrium caused by stagnation of qi and blood.
- Promoting lactation, treating hypogalactia, galactostasis, and acute mastitis.
- Its decoction can increase the urine output of rats with chronic congestive heart failure and promote the excretion of uric acid.
- Its decoction has a protective effect on acute myocardial ischemia in mice induced by pituitrin, and can reduce serum lactate dehydrogenase and MDA content in myocardial tissue, and increase superoxide dismutase activity in myocardial tissue.
- It can be used in combination with Qin Jiao (Radix Gentianae Macrophyllae), Fang Feng (Radix Saposhnikoviae), and Ji Xue Teng (Caulis Spatholobi) to treat rheumatic arthralgia, muscular spasms, and limb paralysis.
- It can be used in combination with Chai Hu (Radix Bupleuri), Xiang Fu (Rhizoma Cyperi), and Yu Jin (Turmeric Tuber) to treat distending pain in hypochondrium caused by stagnation of qi and blood.
- It can be used in combination with Wang Bu Liu Xing (Semen Vaccariae), Lu Lu Tong (Liquidambaris Fructus), and Chuan Shan Jia (Squama Manitis) to treat hypogalactia and galactostasis.
- It can be used in combination with Pu Gong Ying (Dandelion), Zhe Bei Mu (Fritillariae Thunbergii Bulbus), and Gua Lou (Fructus Trichosanthis) to treat acute mastitis.
- It can be used in combination with Xia Ku Cao (Spica Prunellae), Nu Zhen Zi (Fructus Ligustri Lucidi), Gou Gu Ye (Folium Ilicis Cornutae), Huang Qi (Radix Astragali), Fang Ji (Radix Stephaniae Tetrandrae), Yi Yi Ren (Semen Coicis), Tu Fu Ling (Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae), Ze Lan (Lycopus Lucidus), Dan Shen (Red Sage), Dang Gui (Radix Angelicae Sinensis), Chuan Niu Xi (Radix Cyathulae), and Xi Xian Cao (Herba Siegesbeckiae) to treat synovitis.
At present, there are no reports in the literature that Si Gua Luo has toxic effects, and there are no reports of serious adverse reactions when it is taken according to the prescribed dose.
Animal experiments have shown that its decoction can cause reduced spontaneous activity, reduced diet, raised hair, and even death in experimental animals.
Precautions and Warnings
- The dosage of Si Gua Luo should be controlled at 5-12g.
- It can be made into decoctions, capsules, or mashed for external use.
- People who are allergic to Si Gua Luo should not take it.
- Pregnant and lactating women should take it under medical supervision.